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三名将军同日身亡这样的悲剧对是台军却不是一次坠机台湾
2020-01-08 01:19  www.co-realestate.com

  新年伊始,台湾方面曝出新闻:一架黑鹰直升机在山区坠毁,机上有多名将军级的高官,其中“参谋总长”沈一鸣已经身亡。高级军官死于直升机坠落并不罕见,几乎每支军队都发生过。但是一次坠机致死多名高级军官的事情并不多见。

At the beginning of the New Year, Taiwan revealed news that a Black Eagle helicopter crashed in mountainous areas with several senior military officials on board, of which Shen Yiming, chief of Staff, was dead. The death of a senior officer from a helicopter fall is not uncommon, and almost every army has occurred. But it is not uncommon to kill more than one senior officer at a time.

  美国军队是世界上第一个装备直升机的,是目前直升机装备最多的军队,也是直升机战损、事故最多的军队。但分析案例可以发现,美军从来没有发生过因为直升机坠落而导致将官“团灭”的情况。

The U.S. army is the first in the world to be equipped with helicopters, the most heavily armed, and the most involved in helicopter warfare. However, the analysis of the case can be found that the U. S. military has never occurred because of the helicopter fall caused the general \"regiment out\" situation.

  美军从朝鲜战争到越南战争期间,共有8名将官死于直升机坠落,第一个为此而进入史册的是美国陆军少将布里杨特·摩尔,1951年2月24日,他乘坐的直升机坠入韩国骊州附近的汉江。越南战争期间,美军动用了大量直升机执行各类作战和运输任务,坠机而死的将官数量也达到了6人之多。当然,其中有些是事故,有些是被击落,有些至今没有查明坠机原因。

A total of eight U.S. generals died during the U.S. military's journey from the Korean War to the Vietnam War, and the first to go into the annals of history was U.S. Army Maj. Gen. Briyonte Moore, who crashed into the Han River near South Korea's Lizhou on February 24,1951. During the Vietnam War, U.S. troops used a large number of helicopters to carry out various operations and transportation missions, and the number of generals killed by the crash reached as many as six. Of course, some of them were accidents, some were downed and some had not been identified so far.

  具体来说,这6人中,美国海军陆战队的霍奇慕斯少将遭遇直升机凌空爆炸而亡,原因不详;陆军少将威尔因为直升机被防空火力击落身亡,陆军准将阿德姆斯乘直升机在中央高地飞行时被击落身亡;陆军少将迪尔拉德在同一地点被击落身亡;陆军少将卡西则是因为恶劣天气坠机;还有一名美国海军少将罗宾逊在夜间返回旗舰的时候,因为直升机着舰降落失败而身亡。

Specifically, major hodgmous of the u. s. marines died when the helicopter exploded in the air for unknown reasons; major general will of the army was killed when the helicopter was shot down by anti-aircraft fire and brigadier adams was shot down in a helicopter at central heights; major general dillard of the army was shot down at the same location; major cassie of the army was killed when bad weather crashed; and a major admiral robinson of the u.

  和平时期,美军也有高级军官乘坐直升机时坠机身亡的记录。1993年,驻德美军的罗伯特逊陆军少将因为所乘的“黑鹰”坠机而身亡。

In peacetime, the U.S. military also has records of high-ranking officers who died in a helicopter crash. In 1993, Major General Robertson of the German-American Army died in the plane of the Black Hawk.

  苏联/俄罗斯也发生过将官死于直升机坠落的事情。但苏联时期的历史记录查找和统计并不方便。近年来可以确认的案例包括2002年一架米26在车臣被击落的时间,当时共有126名俄军官兵身亡,其中包括陆军中将列别德。

The Soviet Union\/Russia has also witnessed the death of an official from a helicopter. However, it is not convenient to find and count the historical records of the Soviet period. Cases that have been confirmed in recent years include the shooting down of a meter 26 in chechnya in 2002, when 126 russian troops, including army lieutenant general lebede, were killed.

  中国人民解放军同样发生过将官因为直升机失事身亡的案例。1976年7月7日,时任福州军区司令员的皮定均中将因为直升机撞山而遇难。

The People's Liberation Army has also witnessed the death of generals as a result of helicopter crashes. On July 7,1976, then commander of the Fuzhou military region, Lieutenant General Pidingjun, was killed when the helicopter hit the mountain.

  直升机虽然方便好用,但作为一种对流层内使用、在狭小场地起降的航空器,它的风险还是相当大的。因此军队一般要避免让多名高级军官、特别是将官以上的顶层高官集中乘坐一架直升机。但是在管理水平比较低的军队中,就会发生高官团灭的情况。

Although the helicopter is convenient and easy to use, but as a tropospheric aircraft, take off and land in a narrow space, its risk is still considerable. As a result, the army generally has to avoid allowing more than one senior officer, especially top officials above the generals, to ride in a helicopter. However, in the lower management of the army, there will be a high-ranking regimental situation.

  比如在1963年11月23日,印度军队的一架直升机在克什米尔坠毁,机上除了飞行员,还有5名将官,损失惨重。此后印度军队算是吸取了教训,虽然还是发生过将官坠机的情况,但没有再出现多名将官坐同一架直升机的问题。

For example, on november 23,1963, an indian army helicopter crashed in kashmir, killing five officers in addition to its pilots. Since then, the indian army has learned a lesson, although there has been a general landing, but there has been no problem of more than the same helicopter.

  台湾军队在这个问题上却是不知悔改。1974年12月27日,台湾陆军两架UH-1H直升机因为恶劣天气先后坠落,死伤将校13人,亡者中军衔最高的是中将。数十年后,台湾方面居然把更多、更高军衔的军官塞进同一架直升机里,再次酿成悲剧。

Taiwan's army is unrepentant on this issue. On December 27,1974, the two UH-1H helicopters of the Taiwan Army fell one after another because of bad weather, killing and wounding the school 13 people, the highest rank of the dead is Lieutenant General. Dozens of years later, Taiwan's army has once again turned tragic by cramming more and higher rank officers into the same helicopter.